Is ChatGPT AI or machine learning?


Ever since artificial intelligence was introduced in the commercial realm, names like ChatGPT Dall-E have become quite ubiquitous. ChatGPT, which we are going to explore in this blog, has become one of the most sought-after software programs out there. ChatGPT, being a chatbot, has become very easy-to-use and easy-to-access software, which makes it one of the most popular players in the market. The reason you clicked on this blog is to know whether ChatGPT is AI or machine learning. You will be getting an answer to that and much more related information about ChatGPT here. Visit SLA Jobs to learn all about the various IT courses and training we offer.

What is AI?

Before getting to know whether ChatGPT is AI or machine learning, it is important to know what AI and machine learning are individually to grasp the concept cohesively. Let’s first look at what AI is.

AI, or artificial intelligence, refers to making computer software and systems smart enough to do tasks that usually require humans. These tasks include learning, problem-solving, understanding language, recognizing speech, and more. The goal is to create machines or software that can simulate how humans work.

There are two main types of AI:

  • Narrow AI (or weak AI): This type is made for specific jobs. It’s good at those jobs but doesn’t have the wide-ranging abilities humans do. Examples are virtual assistants like Siri, image recognition, and recommendation systems.
  • General AI (or Strong AI): This is a more advanced AI that can understand, learn, and use knowledge across different tasks, much like humans.

Generative AI: Generative AI is a type of smart computer technology that focuses on making new content, data, or results that look like existing patterns or examples. This is different from another type called discriminative models, which are designed to tell the difference between different categories of data.

There are different ways to do generative AI, and some important ones are:

  • Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs): GANs have two parts – a generator and a discriminator. They are trained together in a kind of competition. The generator makes new data, and the discriminator checks it. The goal is for the generator to make data that looks just like real data, and then the discriminator gets better at telling the difference.
  • Variational Autoencoders (VAEs): VAEs are a kind of generative model. They learn how to change input data into a smaller space and then use that to make new data. The idea is to catch the basic patterns in the input data.
  • Recurrent Neural Networks (RNNs) and Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM): These are types of smart networks that are good at making sequences of data. They’re often used in tasks like making new text in natural language processing or creating new music.

Recommended read: Best Artificial intelligence training in Chennai

What is machine learning?

Machine learning is a subset of AI; it is not a separate entity and, hence, cannot be distinguished. Machine learning is like teaching computers to learn and make decisions on their own without telling them exactly what to do. Here are some important things about it:

  • Learning from Data:

Computers can look at different types of information, like text, images, or numbers, and learn patterns from it.

  • Algorithms and Models:

They use special computer rules called algorithms to learn from the patterns in the data. These rules help them make predictions or decisions when faced with new information.

  • Training and testing:

To get better, computers need practice. We train them using known information and then test them with new stuff to see how well they can handle it.

  • Types of machine learning:

There are different ways computers can learn:

Supervised Learning: It’s like teaching them with examples and answers.

Unsupervised Learning: They learn by finding patterns in data without someone telling them the answers.

Reinforcement Learning: Computers learn by doing things and getting rewards or penalties, so they get better at it.

  • Applications:

Computers that learn are used in lots of areas, like recognizing pictures, understanding speech, suggesting things to you, helping with medical diagnoses, catching fraud in finances, and even making self-driving cars.

  • Feature Extraction:

Computers also learn to focus on important things in the data. This helps them make better predictions by paying attention to what really matters.

  • Overfitting and generalization:

Sometimes, computers can get too good at learning the training data and struggle with new things. So, it’s important that they not only learn what they’ve seen but also understand new stuff they haven’t seen before.

  • Libraries and Frameworks:

There are special tools like scikit-learn, TensorFlow, and PyTorch that help people build, train, and use these learning computers. They keep getting better with new research, making them do even more amazing things.

Recommended read: Regularization in machine learning

The role of machine learning in AI

Machine learning is like the brainpower of AI because it’s a practical way for systems to act smart. Instead of telling them exactly what to do for every task, machine learning lets systems learn from examples and adjust to new situations.

Both AI and machine learning involve the idea of learning, but machine learning is all about learning from data. It uses big sets of information to find patterns and make predictions or decisions when faced with new, unseen data.

Machine learning algorithms are good at adapting. They’re trained on lots of data and can apply what they’ve learned to handle new, similar situations. This adaptability is a big deal for both machine learning and AI systems.

In AI, there are different types of machine learning:

  • Supervised Learning: It’s like teaching with examples and answers.

Unsupervised Learning: Computers find patterns in data without someone telling them the answers.

  • Reinforcement Learning: Computers learn by doing things and getting rewards or penalties, so they get better at it.

AI applications often use machine learning to act smart. Think of things like understanding languages, recognizing images, suggesting things to you, making self-driving cars work, and much more.

AI systems can be even smarter by combining different approaches. For example, an AI system for translating languages might use set rules for grammar and structure but also learn from data to get better at accurate translations.

So, machine learning is a really important tool in the big world of AI. It helps systems act smart by learning from data, and AI includes a bunch of different ways to be smart, not just through machine learning.

Is ChatGPT AI or machine learning?

ChatGPT is software that is neither an AI nor a machine learning software; essentially, it is both. It is an application of both AI and machine learning; hence, it cannot be seen separately. 

ChatGPT, created by OpenAI, is a special program in the world of artificial intelligence (AI). It relies on a smart computer model called GPT, short for Generative Pre-trained Transformer, which acts like a computerized brain. GPT has become clever by learning a lot from reading tons of different texts.

The strength of GPT comes from its extensive learning process. By being exposed to a vast amount of diverse text data, GPT has become really good at understanding language, recognizing patterns, and generating sensible responses. This learning phase is crucial for GPT to understand how people communicate.

Think of ChatGPT as a tool that combines the powers of both AI and machine learning. AI, or artificial intelligence, is the big field of creating smart systems that can do things like humans. Machine learning, a part of AI, is super important for how ChatGPT works. It’s the process that lets the GPT model learn and adjust to different types of conversations.

What makes ChatGPT special is its ability to chat with people in a way that feels almost like talking to a human. It uses its AI smarts and the lessons it learned from all that text to create responses that make sense. The continuous learning part of ChatGPT happens through machine learning. As it talks with users and gets feedback, the model gets better at conversations, gradually improving its abilities. This ongoing learning ensures that ChatGPT keeps getting smarter over time, understanding and generating text based on what it learns.

In short, ChatGPT is a mix of advanced AI and machine learning, coming together to create a powerful tool for having conversations. It showcases the potential of sophisticated neural network models to mimic how humans generate and understand language.

Recommended read: Difference between machine learning and AI


ChatGPT is both an application of machine learning and AI. From the AI aspect, ChatGPT can perform human functions, and from the machine learning aspect, it can keep getting smarter over time by learning things from the user experience. Thus, ChatGPT is a dynamic and powerful tool that should be used with caution, responsibility, and within limits. Every technology has its pros and cons, resourcefulness, and dangers. Hence, it is up to the individual users to use it in the most productive and best possible way. AI is productive in a way that makes most people’s lives easier but also puts some people out of their jobs. Hence, it is important to keep ChatGPT within its respective limits.